Osteoporosis Awareness Program


In this training multiple topics were covered as follows :

What is Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis can be characterized as a condition in which the bone mass and quality deteriorates making them fragile and more prone to fractures. The bone in our body undergoes a constant process of new bone formation and resorption of old bone. Sometimes, there occurs an imbalance in this process resulting in decreased formation and increased resorption of bone cells. This condition is called osteoporosis.

Diagnose Osteoporosis

1. Silent Disease.
2. May present as ‘Fragility fractures’ – fractures occuring with a trivial fall.
3. Warning signs - persistent unexplained bodyache, weakness, fatigue and longer time required for normal fractures to heal etc.
4. Bone Mineral Density (BMD) scan – Ideal Screening test.

Osteoporosis - Treatment

1. Lifestyle changes – Adequate exercises, counseling regarding cessation of smoking, alcohol, drugs, tobacco and even excess of caffeine.
2. Tablets/Medications to help correct the deficiency – Calcium, vitamin D3 and bisphosphonates.
3. Dietary changes – Intake of Milk, Paneer, other diary products, green leafy vegetables such as brocolli, Ragi, Soya, Egg white, Fish oil.
4. Special care is to be taken in females during pregnancy, lactation and in the post-menopausal period to prevent osteoporosis.

Muscular Weakness/Stiffness

1. Exercises – to increase ‘Flexibility’
2. Shoulder, Neck, Lower back, Hip and Knee strengthening exercises
3. Hip and Knees – Most important


1. Wear and tear of the cartilage (not bone!)
2. Knee OA - most common cause of disability in adults (survey)
3. Increased prevalence – due to the decreased bone strength, lack of proper nutritional intake and inadequate exercises